TOEFL, ie Test of English as a Foreign Language ('Test of English as a Foreign Language') – is an international examination, which was created and is managed by an American company called Educational Testing Service (ETS). ETS – a non-governmental non-profit organization located in Princeton, New Jersey. The main purpose of TOEFL – to assess the English proficiency of foreign students wishing to study in the U.S., Canada, and most universities in Europe English specialties. Since 1964 about 20 million students in more than 165 countries have taken the test. Suffice it to say that today take the TOEFL 470 centers in 170 countries. This is not surprising: TOEFL score is a prerequisite for admission to more than 2400 colleges and universities in the U.S., Canada and other English speaking countries. The results of this test is required for admission of students or graduate students who have been studying in another language, U.S.
universities and in Europe. In addition, the TOEFL is required for participation in many programs overseas internships in institutions where teaching is in English. Some scientific and professional certification programs also require applicants to take TOEFL. The new TOEFL iBT test in the Internet version was introduced in 2005. Hand it is possible only in specially protected centers around the world. This test was launched in the U.S. and Canada in 2005, some countries in Europe in 2006, our country has this kind of test first appeared in 2007.
TOEFL iBT is different from other variants of TOEFL that: During the test checked 4 basic language skills – speaking, listening, reading and writing in terms of ability to use English as medium of communication. The test is delivered via the internet in a specially equipped centers around the world. Once these centers are beginning to work, computer and paper test versions will no longer be available in those cities, home of the TOEFL iBT. Such changes in the TOEFL test were dictated by the need to test the ability of the candidate to communicate in an academic environment. Upon delivery of the test requires candidates to demonstrate the following skills: read, listen and answer the question on the basis of information received; listen and then say, answering the question; read and listen to the information and then answer the question in writing. This version of the TOEFL iBT test involves checking speaking skills, and lasts for 4 hours. Sign up for delivery, as well as get acquainted with the free version of the TOEFL iBT test please visit / toefl. This site also contains information on the nearest dates of testing. Pass the exam TOEFL iBM in Ukraine can be a certified centers in cities such as Kiev, Kharkov, Kiev, Lviv, Odessa and Simferopol.
Tutorial for Gimp Open Office.org OpenOffice.org (often known as Open Office) is a free Office suite (which includes tools such as word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, tools for vector drawing and database. It is available for several platforms, such as Microsoft Windows, GNU/Linux, BSD, Solaris and Mac OS X. supports numerous file formats. Includes the following features: OpenOffice.org Writer is a word processor, similar to Microsoft Word, allows you to export text files to PDF and HTML formats without additional software. OpenOffice.org Calc is a spreadsheet similar to Microsoft Excel or Lotus 1-2-3. Calc offers a number of features not present in Excel, including a system that automatically defines series of graphs, on the basis of the provision of the the user’s information. Calc can also export spreadsheets to PDF format.
OpenOffice.org Impress is a program similar to Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. You can export presentations to SWF format, allowing it to play on any computer with an installed Flash Player. It also includes the ability to create PDF files, and the ability to read Microsoft PowerPoint files. Its original format is ODP. OpenOffice.org Base is a program similar to Microsoft Access database. OpenOffice.org Base allows the creation and management of databases, preparation of forms and reports that provide end users easy access to the data. OpenOffice.org Draw is a vector graphics editor tool for diagramming, comparable in features to early versions of Corel Draw, can export their creations to PDF format and to standard SVG OpenOffice.org Math is an application designed to create and edit mathematical formulas. The application uses a markup language to create the formulas. Downloads free travels free on the tram of Zaragoza messages free MOVISTAR by INTERNET FREE MOVISTAR messages the leaders are committed to wellness the best programs programs free for fans of the series
According to Cagliari (1996), school not part of the knowledge that the child has of its language, but of abecedrio and one speaks total unknown to the one of the pupil. To if coming across with the had language as not-standard of the individual, the school censorship and I corrected, thus limiting the creativity and expression of the pupil, who for consequence, feels itself incapable to establish a dialogue, to produce texts, thus creating a feeling of aversion for the language; generally in the community where the pupil lives the Portuguese is said of a natural form, without rules and exceptions, however, when the Portuguese arrives at the school if he complicates and the way for which it speaks starts to be ' ' missed and vergonhosa.' ' In this, he observes yourself that the school if appropriates of force of the language to leave well clearly for the pupil, through education, the place of each one in that scene and until is of the walls of that institution, and the express way as if, as if it leaves to speak, as if question and as the answers are accepted correspond to a way, not to evaluate the development of the pupil, but as one forgives reprimiz it or to approve, for saying to it that it is capable or imcompetent person. The slight knowledge preconceived on the language are maleficent and coercive in the society, because in its majority, if they use of the cultured norm to identify errors in speaks of a person if basing not on the knowledge of the same one, more in its color, religion, region etc., then, if the individual is poor, the language is poor, if it lives in a said region as been slow, the language goes to be delayed. It is not teaching only regrinhas of the grammar that the child goes to learn Portuguese; it is necessary yes to teach the grammar, but if it does not have to forget that the pupil lives in different contexts.