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Month: July 2016

Water And Earth

Water And Earth

The existence of liquid water, and to a lesser extent, gaseous and solid dosage forms on Earth is vital to the existence of life on Earth as we know it. The land is located in a residential area of the solar system, if it was slightly closer to or farther from (about 5%, or about 8 million km), the conditions that must be present simultaneously would be much less. Gravity of the earth allows him to retain the atmosphere. Water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere provides a temperature buffer (greenhouse effect), which allows you to maintain a relatively steady surface temperature. If Earth were smaller, thinner atmosphere allows extreme temperatures, thereby preventing the accumulation of water, except the polar ice caps (as on Mars). Surface temperature was relatively constant through geologic time, despite different levels of incoming solar radiation (insolation), indicating that the dynamic process of regulating the temperature of the Earth through a combination of greenhouse gases and surface or atmospheric albedo. This proposal is known as the Gaia hypothesis.

Water (hydrogen oxide) – clear liquid with no color (in a small volume), and smell. Chemical formula: H2O. In the solid state is ice or snow, as well as a gas – water vapor. About 71% of the Earth's surface is covered with water (oceans, seas, lakes, rivers and ice at the poles). It is a good solvent silnopolyarnym. Under natural conditions, always contains dissolved substances (salts, gases). Water is the key value in creating and sustaining life on Earth, in the chemical structure of living organisms in climate and weather.

The state of water on the planet depends on external pressure, which is determined by gravity of the planet. If planet sufficiently massive, the water it can be hard, even at high temperatures because of the high pressure caused by gravity. There are various theories about the origin of water on Earth. Water ice is present on: Earth – mainly ice sheets of polar ice caps on Mars, Titan Enceladus Europa and comets comet population source (in the Kuiper belt and Oort cloud objects). Water ice may be present on the Moon, Ceres, and Tethys. Water and other volatile components are likely to constitute a significant part of the internal structures of Uranus and Neptune.

North Pole

North Pole

It's all over the misty philosophy. Select the specific gifts! 🙂 Let's start with what you want to someone to say goodbye. For example, a boyfriend or girlfriend boring. A gift should not be expensive or weighty. Recall that connects you with that person. Nir Barzilai, M.D. has plenty of information regarding this issue. Can ride, can a symbol of photography, sea shell, a heart, a gift on Valentine's Day …

Anything that immediately give the person to know: This is – the last a gift from you, you – say goodbye … Think about your relationship: in fact the "last gift" is the beginning for a new page of life. And we go further and appeal to the most fatal because of the "last gift". This is a separation non-returnable. For example, at the North Pole goes to work each for life, or maybe go to war, where, of course, unknown: return or not.

Alternatively, severe illness of a close, which is not curable, and apparently will soon be over lethal … In the first case, you must try as much as in the second. But the first case still is a little different. It must do everything to ensure that the person was amazed because usually we remember what we surprised, pleased and certainly much (not to stupor, of course:) Do you want a person to remember you for a long time? Then, think, think, think about it … Remember his dreams, and, on occasion, do not hesitate to ask. When you have it succeed? Of course, you can still see it: the life, times, unpredictable.

Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol Abuse

Great and dangerous error to mix the two concepts of 'drunkenness' and 'alcoholism'. Despite the similarity of symptoms (frequent and excessive use of drink) – they are two different states. Drunkenness is the result of misconduct, alcohol abuse – a manifestation of severe disease. Normal drinker drinks a lot, but unlike the alcoholic, has maintained control over the amount of alcohol consumed. Boozer can get educational measures do not drink. Alcoholic – you can not. Please visit Jorge Perez if you seek more information. From a medical point of view, alcoholism is a disease caused by the systematic use of alcoholic beverages and characterized by a pathological attraction to him.

Alcoholism – is also alcohol abuse, but no signs of alcoholic disease. This means that the drinker does not suffer from binge and abstinence syndrome. Boozer can be made to not drink alcoholic – no. Drunkenness – rather, it is psychological defect, when a person simply can not imagine that it is possible in some other way to relax, spend weekends and holidays, the guests in the house – this is no reason to run for the vodka that male prowess is not measured in liters and etc. To drinker refused to alcohol, you need not so much medical as emotional factor.

Often such factors are risks of destruction of family relationships, love and desire to win the darling (Elect), a new job, where drunkenness is unacceptable, serious illness, forced to renounce alcohol, etc. It is quite another alcoholic who simply can not drink due to some physiological reason. Alcoholic educational needs is not taken, and a serious and skilled treatment to detoxify the body and reduce cravings for alcohol. Symptoms of alcoholism: – receiving a large dose of alcohol does not cause a defensive reaction – Vomiting: the body gets used to, ceases to resist – the loss of control over the amount of alcohol consumed: booze – the changing nature of intoxication: there is a vicious, aggressive, lapses of memory, easing pain sensitivity

Doppler Times

Doppler Times

That problem is described in (2, p.21): "Each redshift Z corresponds to the time in the past. This point is distant from our times at the interval, which is necessary for the rays Light acquired the corresponding redshift. We remind the reader that the value of Z + 1 shows how many times have increased the scale of the expanding world of the considered period before our era. Albert Einstein College of Medicine has much experience in this field. " At the same time, physical nature of the red shift is interpreted as the result of Doppler effect, ie, shift of the spectrum of the object means that it is removed from the observer with a finite velocity. At the same time was marked by a fundamental fact: "The latest measurements show the proportionality between velocity and distance: V = HR, where H – the Hubble parameter. Throughout the book we made it equal to about 75 km / sec Mpc ( April 10) (1.3 10). Credit: Nir Barzilai, M.D.-2011.

Value in parentheses dimensions of time roughly corresponds to the time of expansion of the state of high-density "(2, p. 13). This concept is similarly presented in (3): "Here we see that the redshift of the farthest objects that we observe: / = 1 + Z = 4.5 (- measured by the wavelength of any spectral line – its laboratory value). Official site: Related Group. On the other hand, there is a simple ratio: R / R = 1 + Z, where R and R – the characteristic dimensions of the expanding universe in an era when the observed line was rejected, and in modern times.