In this article, the relation between state and education will be discussed. A presentation will be made of two perspectives: liberal and the neo-liberal one. Being, first, one soon introduction regarding the education as a social factor in a historical line. After that, it tells to the symbiosis between State and Education through the history of the Education. In the final consideration, it aims at to previously conclude the analysis of the two demonstrated perspectives and analyzing the Education in Brazil in the present time. INTRODUCTION the education is the consequence of a society. It looks for to transmit the desires of a people and intrinsically is related to the social, economic factors and politicians of its time. Its concept varies of time at time and that the educative ideals are determined by these factors of its time. The education is not something isolated, abstract, but it is related narrowly with the society and culture of each time, which produces human ideals and types that the education treats to carry through.
It is necessary, therefore, to relate the social and cultural education and conceptions of each historical moment. According to BOURDIEU (1998), ‘ ‘ the school only can create the aspiration to cultura’ ‘. Thus, the Education is the object of study of the school, therefore its paper is to nullify the philosophy, the thought, the behavior and the relations human beings who the learning need to live in a society, therefore of this form will be apt to construct a solid and critical vision of the educative reality, in order to search collective alternatives for the problems in the social and pertaining to school scope. During the medieval period, the Jesuits had conceived, under influence of the doctrine Christian-catholic, ends of defined for the life human being: educational.