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Mathematical Education

Mathematical Education

The general intention was to conceive the playful one in the process of construction of the mathematical knowledge of the child, beyond contributing with a possible pedagogical alternative that interrelates body, movement and ludicidade in this process. In this perspective, necessity of update of the mathematics professors exists in order to provide a didactic action, to interdisciplinar facilitadora of playful-pedagogical, essential experiences to the development of the pupils, contemplating, thus, the playful character of the human movement as source of pleasure and joy, in pertaining to school environment e, special, the process of development of the construction knowing of them and the knowledge. Thus, it can be perceived, in this in case that, that the experience and the playful experience allow that the individual while a citizen that if constructs in the practical ones of the daily one, of the social movements, the world of the work and in the space of the school enters with its corporeidade, its sensitivity and its intellectual forces. The experiences and the experiences in these practical are possible for the relation that if of the one from the body, the directions and the intellectual forces that if they process in the individual that is in interventiva activity with the social one and the things, stimulating the construction of the knowledge of the mathematics. Concluding, To play it is an act so spontaneous and natural it child how much to eat to sleep, to walk or to speak.

She is enough to observe a baby in the different phases of its growth to confirm such fact: as soon as she discovers the proper hands, to play with them; the discovery of the feet is another fascinating toy; it is had fun with the voice when it mumbles the first sounds; cospe chupeta or the food followed times; it shoots, untiringly, an object to the soil, defying the patience of who apanha; it is arisen and it become to fall entertaining itself with this; it polishes without stopping; it runs without if tiring. It is playing that the child knows itself and to the world: when it moves with the hands and the feet, insurance chupeta or a toy, either taking them it the mouth, shaking or shooting them far, goes discovering its proper possibilities and knowing the elements of the exterior world through the comparison of its characteristics, such as, soft, hard, it has led, heavy, great, small, rough, smooth. 6. REFERENCES GROENWALD, Claude Lisete Oliveira; TIMM, Ursula Tatiana. Using mathematical curiosidades and games in classroom. jogos.htm PALANGANA, I.C. (1994)? ' ' Development & learning in Piaget and Vygotsky (the relevance of the social one) ' ' So Paulo: Plexus. PIAGET (1975)? The formation of the symbol in the child.

Rio De Janeiro: Zahar Publishing PIAGET, Jean. Psicologia and Pedagogia. Trad. For Dirceu Accioly Lindoso and Rosa Ribeiro Maria Da Silva. Rio De Janeiro: Forensic College student, 1976 SAINTS, Carlos Antonio of. Games and playful activities in the alfabetizao. Rio De Janeiro: Sprint, 1998. SAINTS, Saint Maria Saucers of. Brinquedoteca: the playful one in different contexts. (org). Petrpolis, R.J.: Voices, 1999 SECRETARIAT OF the BASIC EDUCATION. National Curricular parameters. Brasilia: MEC/SEF, 1997. VYGOTSKY. The social formation of the mind. So Paulo: Martins Sources, 1989. VYGOTSKY, L.S. (1999) Imagination and creativity in the infantile age. Havana: Pueblo editorial and of the Education. WALLON, Henri. Psychology and Education of the child. Lisbon: Vega/University, 1989.

Biological Sciences

Biological Sciences

Valuing what each pupil already backwards I obtain, it looks for to add to know using to advantage that each personality is intrinsic in the question ‘ ‘ of as aprender’ ‘ , that is, each child distinguishes the incorporation of more knowing its mental structure to them through its developed kinaesthetic canals, fits to the professor to explore them. The scientific advances and our degree of evolution must the experimenters and the ones that had not been satisfied with what it was invented and had always searched new alternatives.

We only search when we have interest, we only arrest when we are motivated by the will to discover, to understand, ‘ ‘ of as it is that ‘ ‘. Currently in competition with the popular and unworthy medias of credits, the pertaining to school learning is predestinold to the failure. With lessons prepared and armed of practical pertaining to school the professors well they only take the content until its pupils in way that these learn and perpetualizem the statements. The investigativo experimental method is what if adapta to the demanding resume. Each disciplines pertaining to school can adapt practical of evidence using experimental methods to facilitate the agreement and to improve the pertaining to school exploitation. Word-key: Experimentation. Evidence. Knowledge 1 INTRODUCTION the knowledge accumulated for the humanity throughout the evolution is repassed to the pupils in form of pertaining to school contents, being this the objective greater of the school. To teach and if to make to understand spreading these knowledge, the simple fulfilment of pertaining to school schedules, the use of the didactic book, the explanations and the writing of these contents in the picture are not enough.

The School

The School

Why some have and others not? How much time the father or the mother passes with this son? They help it to make it the duties? They follow it in the pertaining to school life? Which the vocabulary of one and another one? What it determines the learning or is not a set of on factors to the daily life of the citizen, and to say that somebody does not have capacity to learn, because it was not born pra this, is beside the point unhappy. She is necessary to think seriously about the difficulties imposed for the formalism of the mathematical language, about the difficulties imposed for the effective politician-economic model in our country, the difficulties imposed for ' ' instituio' ' school. To reflect and to infer on these subjects are a way in the brainstorming serious, not mirabolantes, nor miraculous, but efficient. Why many masons, carpenters and marceneiros, illiterates, use the theorem of Pitgoras without never having heard to speak of it? All we can develop one ' ' thought matemtico' ' , at some moment of our lives? We see in the signals of transit, boys, girls, adolescents, adults vendendo candies, fruits, toys, the most varied objects. many of these do not frequent the school or had frequented it or left to frequent have it much time. Exactly they made when it, in general presented innumerable difficulties in operating with additions, subtractions, multiplications and divisions, without counting with difficulties in the writing, reading and speaks. In short, they were failed pertaining to school, in the direction amplest of the term. now, in the signals, carries through these operations with nimbleness and naturalness, receives money from its customers, gives changes, calculates the one prices or of some products, they divide the profits. carries through these calculations with exactness most of the time and mentally. They do not erram I change in it, therefore seno goes the profit even so, or the customers, and, in both the cases, are damage.

School Environment

School Environment

Any kind of aggression to whether it be physical or psychological, strange nicknames, shoving, swearing, and unintended consequences of bullying ploughs repetitive. The starting point will be the demonstrations is the bias binding, being the key factor will be aggression.

You fight we must first identify the perpetrator and the victims is you make the fastest possible referral you the professional a in psychology, which is delivered you a diagnosis is possible treatment. Keywords: bullying, aggression and depression Pupil of Graduation in Full Licenciatura in Biological Sciences For the University Nilton Lins email: PROF .MSc In Education For the As some schools, quarters and churches does not know the subject well, the case becomes occult, must observe in particular the silenced, shy people and without friends therefore, generally they are the victims. The child or the adolescent who suffers with bullying can not surpass the situation causing a certain trauma. Needing even psychological accompaniment, so that if she does not become an adult with serious problems of depression or domestic violence. The article of the teacher Simone Barroso who speaks on: Interaction and Capacity of the Professors in the Democratic Management, say that: ‘ ‘ To hear the parents, the pupils and to divide, responsibilities are factors essences to become a good work.

Paranaense Gymnasium

Paranaense Gymnasium

At no moment of the text relative aspects to music are exaltados, as refining or performance musical technician of the pupils. In another substance, published in the same periodical, in 30 of November of 1937, on the party of closing of the school year, in the Paranaense Gymnasium, that would be carried through in that one same afternoon, the nationalistic tone in the author of the article is also noticed, mainly when it places that: ' ' () He is curious to notice that the musical program only obeys to musics nacionais' ' (Gazette of the People, 30/11/1937). The author if contradicts since later it presents the songs that will be presented by the orfeo of the college, and notices it presence of musics of foreign authors, as for example, Bach. But, it is not alone in articles and substances of periodicals that if find excellent questions for analysis of the speech regarding the education of Music. In 12 of January of 1932, Villa-Wolf delivers to president Getlio Vargas a memorial, one appeals to the head of Government that would deal with the Brazilian artistic way, under the educative purpose.

In this document, Heitor Villa-Wolf, problematiza the artistic question of Brazil, comparing it with the experiences carried through in other countries, and standes out music as best and the more efficient propaganda of Brazil for the exterior. Music and the too much arts for Heitor Villa-Wolf appear as elements that must be valued by a Government worried about the formation of its citizens. In the initial stretch of the letter, in which the author justifies the production of the same one, it appears in accented way the nationalistic speech of Villa-Wolf: In intention to give active services its country, as an enthusiastic patriot who has the had obligation of for a disposal of the administrative authorities all its specialized functions, we prstimos, profession, faith and activity, proven for its public demonstrations of capacity, wants all in Brazil, wants in the foreigner, comes the signatory, for this intermediary, to show Your honor the horrible picture where if finds artistic the way Brazilian, under the point of view of the educative purpose that must be and have for ours patricians, not obstante to be a people possessor, undisputedly, of best dons of the supreme art? (H.

State School

State School

In the activities proposals they had been boarded concepts practical-theoretician of Biotechnology related to the daily one of the pupils. METHOD the subjects of the activities had been chosen and developed from contents of Chemistry related to the knowledge practical-theoreticians of the Biotechnology (Table 1). The activities had been carried through with pupils practical State School inside of one pedagogical one of construtivista theoretical recital. For attainment of data it was used as evaluation tool questionnaires daily pay and after-test. The questionnaires turn of objective and dissertativas questions and were applied one week before the beginning of the activities for the daily pay-test and reapplied one week after the development the activities for the after-test.

These tools had been used to evaluate the previous knowledge of the pupils and the efficiency of these practical activities with regard to the learning of the involved concepts. The gotten results of the evaluations they are being analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The answers had been tabulated and express in percentages. The test of the Qui-square was used to analyze the significance of the differences between the frequencies of categories being considered p d 0, 05, with the use of program BIOESTAT 5.0. The participants of this research attended a course 3 series of Average Ensino. For identification of the same ones had been used initiate they GCA for the group submitted to the activities of the education of Biotechnology and GSA for the pupils who had not been submitted to the research. For assignment of Daily pay-Test the number 1 and in After-Test was used number 2, as table 2. RESULTED the analyses of the data they disclose that the participants had had a satisfactory performance with regard to the learning of the concepts related to the fermentation what can to be observed in the increase of the correct and partially correct answers of Group G2CA, when compared with group G1CA.