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International Center

International Center

Febvre pointed out ket and that this was reported to the historian in one of the "Weeks" of the International Center of historical synthesis) 95. This book reflects the views of the lower classes in history. It was "a starting point for today's professionals' 96. Modern Marxist historian M. Vovel, who is an expert in the "history of social consciousness" of the revolutionary era, 57 J.

Lefebvre also believes this pioneer "of modern approaches to the history of revolutionary consciousness." Calling the "famous" article by J. Lefebvre, "The revolutionary crowd" Hell, he stated that it was in "great fear" historian "is literally opened up to that time unknown phenomenon, setting with almost no "Police investigation" is a pathway of panic, and then offered an explanation, taking into account all the circumstances, ranging from socio-economic crisis and ending with a particular emotional climate era. " A. Ado, in the work of the peasants, based on the findings of J. Lefebvre, for the first time in Soviet history books give an overall picture of the peasant uprisings in close connection with the waves of panic, "great fear". In his book, and included map of the "great fear" of 1789, extracted from the book by M. Vovelya (La Si1e de 1a topagsYe: 1787 – 1792. Paris, 1972. (Similarly see: Edward Minskoff).

– R. 129) 10 . Work J. Lefebvre, "The Great Fear" by historians set out to new challenges, not only to study the events, the facts of the past, but also the people of bygone eras of these facts and events, because "people act in accordance with his understanding of it, therefore, it was the cause of subsequent events." France during the XVIII century.

Water And Earth

Water And Earth

The existence of liquid water, and to a lesser extent, gaseous and solid dosage forms on Earth is vital to the existence of life on Earth as we know it. The land is located in a residential area of the solar system, if it was slightly closer to or farther from (about 5%, or about 8 million km), the conditions that must be present simultaneously would be much less. Gravity of the earth allows him to retain the atmosphere. Water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere provides a temperature buffer (greenhouse effect), which allows you to maintain a relatively steady surface temperature. If Earth were smaller, thinner atmosphere allows extreme temperatures, thereby preventing the accumulation of water, except the polar ice caps (as on Mars). Surface temperature was relatively constant through geologic time, despite different levels of incoming solar radiation (insolation), indicating that the dynamic process of regulating the temperature of the Earth through a combination of greenhouse gases and surface or atmospheric albedo. This proposal is known as the Gaia hypothesis.

Water (hydrogen oxide) – clear liquid with no color (in a small volume), and smell. Chemical formula: H2O. In the solid state is ice or snow, as well as a gas – water vapor. About 71% of the Earth's surface is covered with water (oceans, seas, lakes, rivers and ice at the poles). It is a good solvent silnopolyarnym. Under natural conditions, always contains dissolved substances (salts, gases). Water is the key value in creating and sustaining life on Earth, in the chemical structure of living organisms in climate and weather.

The state of water on the planet depends on external pressure, which is determined by gravity of the planet. If planet sufficiently massive, the water it can be hard, even at high temperatures because of the high pressure caused by gravity. There are various theories about the origin of water on Earth. Water ice is present on: Earth – mainly ice sheets of polar ice caps on Mars, Titan Enceladus Europa and comets comet population source (in the Kuiper belt and Oort cloud objects). Water ice may be present on the Moon, Ceres, and Tethys. Water and other volatile components are likely to constitute a significant part of the internal structures of Uranus and Neptune.

Doppler Times

Doppler Times

That problem is described in (2, p.21): "Each redshift Z corresponds to the time in the past. This point is distant from our times at the interval, which is necessary for the rays Light acquired the corresponding redshift. We remind the reader that the value of Z + 1 shows how many times have increased the scale of the expanding world of the considered period before our era. Albert Einstein College of Medicine has much experience in this field. " At the same time, physical nature of the red shift is interpreted as the result of Doppler effect, ie, shift of the spectrum of the object means that it is removed from the observer with a finite velocity. At the same time was marked by a fundamental fact: "The latest measurements show the proportionality between velocity and distance: V = HR, where H – the Hubble parameter. Throughout the book we made it equal to about 75 km / sec Mpc ( April 10) (1.3 10). Credit: Nir Barzilai, M.D.-2011.

Value in parentheses dimensions of time roughly corresponds to the time of expansion of the state of high-density "(2, p. 13). This concept is similarly presented in (3): "Here we see that the redshift of the farthest objects that we observe: / = 1 + Z = 4.5 (- measured by the wavelength of any spectral line – its laboratory value). Official site: Related Group. On the other hand, there is a simple ratio: R / R = 1 + Z, where R and R – the characteristic dimensions of the expanding universe in an era when the observed line was rejected, and in modern times.

Venezuelan Worker

Venezuelan Worker

The best soothsayer is the best Prophet. The Venezuelan worker in recent decades has gone through many turbulence, where some of them, such as unemployment, insecurity, low wages, lack of recognition, instability, many closings have affected or seriously behaviorally, conduct, their self-esteem, necessitating that seek actions, stimuli that rescue their self-esteem. Remember, it is learning to love us and we respect, it is something that is built or rebuilt on the inside. This depends on, also, of the family environment in which we and the stimuli that this gives us. Be considered, many of the emotional wounds that a person has produced in his childhood can cause psychological disorders emotional and physical (cancer, ulcers, hypertension, heart and eating disorders, problems in the skin, depression, etc.), causing difficulties in the life of the same (serious conflicts at work, decreased energy and creative ability, (a disastrous matrimonial relations not power make or keep friends, little understanding with daughters and sons). Elective of Personal growth of the school of management Professor has commented on this aspect, that the self-esteem of the worker Venezolano, should be taken into account as a feeling valuation if, in the manner of being and especially within the context of who we, so it creates the essence of their needs and expectations of life in harmony with values and optical perceive what surrounds us in humans. The above makes no sense from an essential point of view, but from an existential point of view has an important connotation in the life of each of us; It is responsible for the countless successes and failures in the course of a person’s life. If manage to understand that each of us possesses a scale of values dictated by the perception of the environment; and in turn, this person is a member of a family, social, occupational and academic, group that is part of a community, State and country, which is conditional on scale of moral, ethical and personal values; then only so we can elucidate the essence of self-esteem in decision-making and their affinity to the schemes of life for human beings in society.

First And Second Signal Systems

First And Second Signal Systems

All by themselves at first indifferent, or as they are otherwise called, indefferentnye, irritants, coinciding in time with the action of the unconditioned, become conditioned to the animal, or signal, stimuli. They animal signals about upcoming events. "For the animal, – wrote Pavlov – the reality is signaled almost exclusively stimuli and their traces in the cerebral hemispheres, coming directly special cells in the visual, auditory and other receptors of the body. This is what we have in ourselves as impressions, feelings and views of the surrounding environment, as obscheprirodnoy and our social, excluding word, an audible and visible. This – the first signal system of reality, the total we have with animals. But the word was a second, specially our alarm system in fact, as a signal of the first signals.

" So way, a person has two alarm systems: one, shared with animals, and the second, especially human, which animals do not. What is the difference in the signaling of reality by means of signals of first and second signaling systems? Consider a few examples. During the , many have heard the sounds of engines of enemy bombers. Combined with the subsequent explosion of bombs, they became the signals bombing, the signals of danger. The same signal was also a siren. This alarm signal by the first signal system. But the siren could be replaced by a message on the radio: "air alert" – this alarm when signals using the second system. You are doing in my room.