After one soon description on the main types of maltreatment against children and adolescents, this chapter to analyze as the protection to the right of the child has been treated in the Brazilian constitutions and the institucional laws that had exerted and exert the guardianship, as the Code to Minors, the statute of the Child and the Adolescent, as well as the Federal Constitution of 1988. The first Brazilian Constitution, Empire, granted in 1824, the child did not make reference to reference to any type of protection and the adolescent. Heading VIII that it deals with the General Disposals and Guarantees of the Civil laws and Politicians of the Brazilian Citizens: In what pertine the content of article 179: XIX, we observe that, since already are abolished the whips, the torture, the mark of hot iron, and all the cruel penalties; XXXII the primary instruction is gratuitous to all the citizens. Valley to point out that the guarantees are directed to all the Brazilians, not having, therefore, any reference to the children and the adolescents. To follow, it came the first Republican Constitution, of 1891, that also it did not make any reference of protection to the child and the adolescent. Only the Constitution of 1934, for the first time, brings protection and support norms to the child.
In regards to article 121, interpolated proposition ' ' d' ' we have that: Prohibition of the work the minors of 14 years; of nocturnal work the minors of 16 years, and in unhealthy industries the minors of 18 years and the women. 3: The services of support to the maternity and infancy, the referring ones to the home and the feminine work, as well as the respective fiscalization and the orientation, will be charged of preference the qualified women. No longer article 138, we observe that: It charges to the Union, the States and Cities, in the terms of the respective laws: c).
In the case, if we speak of a meeting between the professor and the student, we say of an educational phenomenon that he is only. When to occur another meeting of the same type, it never will be the same e, at last, superficially will only be similar to the previous one. The term ' ' didtica' ' it assigns one to know special. Many say that he is one to know technician, because it comes of an area where if to know they accumulate them that they say in them as we must use of the call ' ' reason instrumental' ' better to contribute with the relation teach-learning. The reason technique or instrument is that one that makes the best adequacy between the chosen ways and ends. The didactics is a pedagogical expression of the instrumental reason.
Its utility is immense, therefore without it our chosen ways could, simply, not to be best the available ones for what it is taught and if learns e, then, would be making of the education not it better possible education. 2.3.2 History of the education The education is a weapon, that is, it can be used with principles to form citizens capable cognitivamente to analyze the conditions imposed for the governing, or simply to create individuals with ideas of flocks. These two sources are classified in principle in the enthusiasm and the pedagogical optimism. The beginning of the enthusiasm for the education, it is seen fully in our daily one and is centered in the courses for reduction of the illiteracy and in the courses of education in the distance, being clearly that the objective is simply to reach statistical numbers. The pedagogical optimism search to center its ideas in the improvement of pertaining to school education in its some pursuings, being aimed at the quality. In this context, the education has its stuffed historiografia of conflicts, where current pedagogical they appear with bourgeois interests and of the middle classes, with objective to modernize the State.
1 INTRODUCTION the present work with the subject Education of the field, Resume and Practical Social in the Communities of the field in Medicilndia/PA has as practical principle to reflect the reality from educational in the use of its attributions and education in the field. In the same way, to inside collate the metodolgicas conceptions and resume of the social, economic context, religious politician and; thus to be able to analyze the conception of education that if has of the field in its diversity. When coming across with precarious situations in the education; communities desassistidas for the public power; devoid families abandoning its properties; among others, it is important to analyze and to search the causes of as many existing problems in the region peasant of Medicilndia Par. in this dynamics the research work is pautado as objective generality: To understand the relation of practical pedagogical and its consequences in the period of training contemplating to know academics to them dialogued in the axle Education of the Field, Resume and Practical Social. In the same way, to contemplate the following specific objectives; To contribute for the construction of the PPP of the school to make learned being exercised them in disciplines of Didactics; To exercise the action of the planning in disciplines that it acts in classroom; To intervine in the planning process to interdisciplinar in the area of option of the Licenciatura Education of the CampoPROCAMPO; To socialize in the schools/communities where they work/they live and in which the followed teaching period of training of the construction of the report will be carried through, returning what they had observed in 5 Time Community. The presented work of research as subject ' ' Education of the field, Resume and Practical Social in the Communities of the field in Medicilndia/PA' ' , it will be divided in topics in which it follows with the following steps: 1 Introduction; 2 theoretical Recital; 3 Methodology applied in the research; 4 Result and quarrel; 5 Description of the final allotment of knowing and 6 to them Consideraes. In this work the reader will be able to make its reflections, as well as identifying the Education of the Field as one Public Politics. In the same way, to inside relate the pertaining to school resume of the social context, politician, cultural, economic and religious in its local and regional diversity.
The work characterizes an important quarrel; the same it will deal with practical the educational ones in the field and from providing a collective construction there where Local Community, Direction, 6 Advice Pertaining to school, Parents and Pupils will add efforts and make proposals for improvements of education. The proposal of this work is also to contribute for a collective construction of PPP (Projeto Poltico Pedaggico) of the School Benjamim Constant, Community San Francisco de Assis, vicinal of km 85 North in Medicilndia/PA. The same one does not make use of no proper PPP, comes functioning as attached of urban school. when considering that the communities and schools of the field possess its especificidades, is well-known the contradictions in what it says respect to the information contained in the PPP of the city, that finishes for not contemplating the agricultural reality. For this among others reasons are being argued new a Proposal Pedagogical Politics and for the related school.
They are philosophers who had been born, in its majority, before Scrates. With Scrates and the sofistas a thematic one in the philosophy is inaugurated new: of the cosmological problems (physical, chemical, biology) for the antropolgicos (ethical and politics). Tales was the first philosopher of history therefore, according to Aristotle, was the first one to give a rational reply (without appealing myths) for the question most common of its time: which age the element that gave to origin to all the things? Answers of Daily pay: TALES OF MILETO: of the Jnica school, he was great mathematician and the first philosopher; it identified the water as arch. ANAXIMANDRO OF MILETO: of the jnica school, it said that arch was aperon (infinite). Its disciple, ANAXIMENES defined air as arch. PITGORAS OF SAMOS, the Pythagorean school, mathematical, defined the term ' ' filsofo' ' , and arch was the numbers. XENFANES OF CLOFON, the eletica school, critical of Homero, was base for ' ' The Repblica' ' of Plato.
FESO HERACLITUS, of the jnica school, defended the idea of the continuous flow, a perpetual war between the contrary. PARMNIDES OF ELEIA, the school eleata, said that only the reason supplies knowledge on the nature. ZENO OF ELEIA, the school eleata, disciple of Parmnides, developed a series of paradoxes in order to prove the inexistence of the movement. EMPDOCLES OF AGRIGENTO, of the jnica school, if related to the four elements 9fogo, land, water, air) as component of all. ANAXGORAS OF CLAZMENA, the school eleata, said that everything in the life depends on seeds, nous. DEMOCRITUS OF ABDERA, the atomic school, said that atoms are small indivisible particles that if join and separate formand all the things. They were four philosophical schools of the period daily pay-socrtico: jnica (first to search arch), Pythagorean (numbers were arch), eleata (fire, land, water, air and its ralao of union and in agreement separation defended the four elements love and hatred) and atomists (they believed atoms).
According to Cagliari (1996), school not part of the knowledge that the child has of its language, but of abecedrio and one speaks total unknown to the one of the pupil. To if coming across with the had language as not-standard of the individual, the school censorship and I corrected, thus limiting the creativity and expression of the pupil, who for consequence, feels itself incapable to establish a dialogue, to produce texts, thus creating a feeling of aversion for the language; generally in the community where the pupil lives the Portuguese is said of a natural form, without rules and exceptions, however, when the Portuguese arrives at the school if he complicates and the way for which it speaks starts to be ' ' missed and vergonhosa.' ' In this, he observes yourself that the school if appropriates of force of the language to leave well clearly for the pupil, through education, the place of each one in that scene and until is of the walls of that institution, and the express way as if, as if it leaves to speak, as if question and as the answers are accepted correspond to a way, not to evaluate the development of the pupil, but as one forgives reprimiz it or to approve, for saying to it that it is capable or imcompetent person. The slight knowledge preconceived on the language are maleficent and coercive in the society, because in its majority, if they use of the cultured norm to identify errors in speaks of a person if basing not on the knowledge of the same one, more in its color, religion, region etc., then, if the individual is poor, the language is poor, if it lives in a said region as been slow, the language goes to be delayed. It is not teaching only regrinhas of the grammar that the child goes to learn Portuguese; it is necessary yes to teach the grammar, but if it does not have to forget that the pupil lives in different contexts.
The linguistic preconception in the pertaining to school reality Midiane Venceslau Dos Santos 1 ' ' In they cannot teach nothing to them whose idea let us not have already in ours mentes.' ' Leibniz He is obvious, that the desired ideal education, is the education pautado in the education for the freedom, praised for innumerable educators. However, the school if it has shown imcompetent person to take care of to the demands of the society, generating the failure pertaining to school and accenting the social inaqualities. In this context, it can be attributed to a parcel of this responsibility the referring problems to the language as, the contradiction enters the language of the privileged layers, seen as standard, and the language of layers popular, censured and estigmatizadas for that one. In the Brazilian system of education, as much knowing as the culture, is tied the expressions in a linguistic variety, classified for a minority of dominant, of ' ' language culta' ' , that it does not correspond to the linguistic variety said by the majority of the population. However, the access to the learning of the cultured language comes being made it difficult for the proper educational system, when it disrespects the pupil as subject falante, it adopts an inadequate methodology to the context of the pupil, not taking in question the difficulties of learning of the different languages. The language is not a communication question alone; it she is on also to the life, the culture, the history of a people. The Portuguese as any another language, is not exclusive of only one classroom of individuals in a closed group, but it is a social phenomenon, is inserted in the culture of a people, then, it is a dynamic phenomenon that is subject to the evolution throughout the time. The dialects of a language even so differentiated by proper and specific uses, are similar between itself; at the moment where these differences if to become more visible, them could be recognized as different languages, as it happened with Latin, that it generated the Portuguese, the Frenchman, the Italian etc.