Chapter 1 will be directed the dimension of a social phenomenon that is the street population. They will be presented given on the effected population surveys in diverse cities of the country, based on research effected and evaluated for professionals of the area and social assistants, where it will be possible to trace a parameter with the survey effected in the city of Guaruj and to offer subsidies that strengthen the considered object. Another point that will be part of this context mentions the possible cities to it not to assume the role of transforming of a social picture of exclusion that grows throughout the time. These cities possess some managers who still resist the necessity of reformularization in the politics and try to underneath hide the dirt of the carpet, adding in this individual a dose more than the revolt and indignation. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Nir Barzilai, M.D.. For this reason the politics hygienist will be boarded with a little more than depth, therefore to continue applying this old and violent technique of exclusion not to reflect on the errors and consequences of these desumanas and inefficacious actions is at least to ignore many losses of citizens with occult potentials for the fear, preconception and the exclusion. The public power in general finishes for leaving to make its part and to assume its responsibility in this process of transformation for strengthens the negation of this citizen that already is living in an uncertain space and that it finishes in many cases being until kept out of society. Chapter 2 will allow knowledge next to the reality of the human being that chooses the street as housing and searchs to establish itself in a parallel society to the development. This express chapter in its context some factors of desestruturao of the family, the social being and the place of which many inhabitants of street had been removed.
We live in a society pautada for the diversity. In this context, categories of citizens had been constructed that, for being in the condition of different, meet in situation of bigger vulnerability, as: Children and adolescents; Differences of sort; Etnia race/; Aged; People with deficiency; Of sexual and religious orientation distinct. Diversity? set of peculiarities and differences between the individuals, with its singular characteristics of each being? impossible to be standardized. In this scene of different, if they breach the rules of the tolerance and the alteridade; Tolerance? it assumes the right of being different X Alteridade? respect to the other that is different disruption between these two, rules arises practical the exculpatory ones that legitimize the current debates on the Human Rights and of citizenship, in the delimitation of the characteristics of each one, agreement of purposes and potentialities of intervention What they are right human beings? The human rights are internacionais principles that serve to protect, to guarantee and to respect the human being. They must assure to the people the right to take a worthy life. That is: with access to the freedom, the work, the land, the health, the housing, the education, among others things. Which are the human rights? Most important it is to know that the life is a human right of which nobody can be private.
Guarantee to sade, education, wage just; Housing in worthy conditions, adjusted feeding, clothes; Work, providence, participation politics and everything more than dignify the man. We go to know which are these rights: Civil laws – the perante equality is the right the law; the right to a judgment just; the right to go and to come; the right to the opinion freedom; among others. Rights politicians – it is the right to liberdade of congregated; right of assembly; the right to vote and of being voted; the right to belong to a political party: direite to participate of a social movement, among others.
Not to use itself of the school as threat and punishment to the things that made of wrong in house; To have patience, persistence and security; Not to give up to bring it because it cries, to follow the child at this moment: the mother or the father or grandmother or dribble; To leave that the child brings of house in the first days the object that it not yet obtains to break up itself for much time, as: chupeta, cloth, doll etc.; Not to leave the hidden ones, if to fire without lies, with firmness and sincerity, not drawing out this moment beyond the necessary one; To frequent the school with the child being in the classroom until the third day. In the room and fifth days will be in other spaces, more moved away from the room and will be informed by the teacher the necessity or not of its presence. It is important to know that in the school, the individual cares with the child, many times, will not be taken care of immediately, a time that the work is developed in the collective one and that the child will go perceiving this aspect, learning to wait and to make some alone things. It is in this environment, facing conflitivas situations, that it will construct its autonomy; At last, a paper of the parents, is before everything, to transmit security and support with patience nor all the moment, being looked for to react the calmest possible insurance ahead of the behaviors that inevitably can appear, as I cry, vomit, bitten, amongst others. The paper of the professors in the adaptation: Conscientiously to deal with the facts and the representations that are being formed, establishing a reliable affective relation, friendship and cooperation with its pairs, the parents, the coordinators and, mainly, with the children; To receive the children in the proper classroom for this being a lesser and aconchegante place, with an amount of people reduced, beyond the room; To take care of personally of all the questions that if to relate to the children, leaving that the other adults of the school help in other tasks, what it would favor confident a faster linking and of the children with the professors; To plan the first week and to argue with the parents, in the initial meeting, from form to enclose the aspects of as the children will be received until a detailing on the daily routine, the activities that normally are proposals, the moment of the snack and exit, standing out the shortened time of permanence of the child in the school in this first week, which will be extended gradual; To establish a work routine, since the first day, exactly that of flexible form, but with well defined moments and having as central landmark of time the schedule of the snack, what it happens before and later, of form to guide the children how much to the schedule of the parents to arrive; To keep a daily contact with the parents, through individual meetings, when the case thus demanding, or same in informal colloquies, at the beginning and end of the day, to get information on the child. .